0
  • Your Cart is Empty

How To Glue Swarovski Crystals

Print Friendly and PDF

The following Swarovski products are suitable for gluing:

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

OVERVIEW OF APPLICATION PROCESS

gluing of swarovski crystals

APPLICATION

When gluing Swarovski crystals, optimal results are obtained by coordinating the entire application process. Following the application steps in the right order is very important. Experience has shown that the most common reasons for crystals becoming detached are inappropriate areas of application, poorly produced cavities, unsuitable gluing systems, and insufficient quantities of glue.

Checking the Surface Tension

The surface tension is an indicator for the wetting properties of the surface to be glued. A surface tension of at least 38 mN/m is recommended for gluing Swarovski crystals. It is best to use the Test Pen to measure the surface tension.

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

Cleaning and Pre-Treatment Methods

1 Mechanical cleaning: This involves sanding, blasting, or brushing but is usually not necessary for jewellery.

  • Removal of dirt, rust, scale, and residues of varnish
  • Roughening the surface

2 Washing and degreasing: It is important to ascertain that the tensides do not contain silicone, as this would impair adhesion. When using solvents it is advisable to test the durability of the surface to be cleaned beforehand to avoid any damage. Solvents containing substances with a high boiling point should not be used due to the risk of residue. If using cleaning solvents, wait a few minutes to allow them to evaporate.

  • Cleaning with tenside solutions, rinsing with de-ionized water
  • Cleaning with isopropyl alcohol/ethanol
  • The selection of the best gluing system is the next stage in ensuring a long-lasting application.

When selecting the most suitable glue, the following factors should be considered:

  • The type of cavities/the resulting gluing gap
  • The size of the crystals/gluing surface
  • The gluing properties and finish required
  • The type of base material

Type of Cavities & Glue Gap

When selecting an adhesive, it is also important to consider the gluing gap that results from the type of cavity chosen. For cavities offering a large gluing gap, soft and gap-filling glues such as silicone glue are recommended to avoid tension in the glue joint. Epoxyethane/polyurethane glues offer greater strength and can be used for cavities with a small gluing gap.

How to glue swarovski crystals

Gluing Properties and Required Finish 

When selecting glues, it is important to consider properties such as pot life, viscosity, color, curing time, ease of dosing, and shrinkage. Further information can be found in the manufacturer’s technical data sheets. Adhesives tend to shrink during curing. There will be a greater amount of shrinkage if the wrong glue has been chosen, it is hardened under the wrong conditions, or if there is an incorrectly sized cavity (too much space around the crystal). The tension thus created can damage the foiling and the crystals may even detach. Glues that are very hard after curing and shrink considerably are not suitable for Swarovski crystals with foiling.

Type of Material

The following table provides a selection of commonly known and globally available adhesives that are suitable for different uses and materials. Application tests are advisable to make sure the chosen glue fulfills the specific needs of your application.

How to glue swarovski crystals

CG 500 (A+B) Two-Component Epoxy Resin Glue

CG 500 (A+B) is a high-performance gluing system for both foiled and unfoiled Swarovski crystals, exclusively distributed by Swarovski for professional use within the jewelry segment and other industries such as accessories, interiors, and electronics.

Key features:

  • Ideal mechanical resistance
  • Ideal chemical resistance
  • Future-oriented solution
  • Diverse areas of application Ideal mechanical resistance

CG 500 (A+B) absorbs impacts and withstands distortion. In addition, maximum elasticity protects the crystal foiling.

how to glue swarovski crystals

how to glue swarovski stones and crystals

how to glue swarovski stones and crystals

Mixing CG 500 (A+B) two-component glue

The exact mixing of the two-component glue is especially important. Only a fully homogenous mixture leads to the desired results. Care must be taken to follow the manufacturer’s instructions.

how to glue swarovski stones and crystals

CG 610 (A+B) Two-Component Epoxy Resin Glue

The CG 610 (A+B) two-component epoxy resin glue was specially developed for gluing Swarovski crystals of very small sizes, starting with PP 0. Depending on the area of application the adhesive can be used for crystals up to the size of PP 14.

Key Features:

  • Suitable for gluing very small crystals (starting with size PP 0)
  • Low viscosity allows an easier dosing of small glue quantities
  • Cost saving due to long pot life (140 min.)

Mixing CG 610 (A+B) two-component glue

The 50 ml cartridge of CG 610 (A+B) is designed in a way that the containing resin and harder do not have to be mixed together by the user. Just attach a dispensing gun and the mixing nozzle (delivered with the 50 ml adhesive package) to the cartridge and start gluing.

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

When using glue of the 750ml box, resin and hardner have to be mixed in a different way. First weigh the two glue components at a ratio of 100 : 48 (resin : hardner). It is very important to keep an exact mixing ration of the two components to achieve maximum adhesion.  Mix the two components well for at least one minute. Only a fully homogenous mixture leads to desired results.

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

When a homogenous mixture is achieved, put the glue into a dispenser / syringe and attach a dispensing tip.

Dosage

The glue can be precisely dispensed via a variety of dosage systems. Dispensers with a vacuum connection prevent the glue from dripping and reduce the amount of cleaning needed. The correct amount of glue will additionally protect the foiling from external influences. Attention must be paid to the application and quantity of the glue.

Glue Application

Irrespective of the shape of the gluing area, the glue should be applied as follows:

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

With a round gluing area, a dot of glue in the centre is sufficient. When the crystal is applied, the glue will be evenly distributed in the gluing gap. To glue a single spot, aim the dispensing needle just above the spot to be glued and lift it slowly upward to avoid any glue spreading out sideways.

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

With a square or rectangular gluing area, apply a cross of glue to ensure it is evenly spread into the corners.

Glue Quantity

When selecting the amount of glue to dispense, ensure that when setting and pressing down on the crystal, the glue spreads to the edges, thus offering additional protection for the foiling.

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

Half Hole Pendant

Two different types of adhesive can be used to affix the single Half Hole Pendant to the metal cap: UV glue and two-component epoxy resin glue. If using UV glue, the crystal must be permeable to UV light. This applies for the following Half Hole Pendant colours and effects: Crystal, Crystal AB, and Amethyst.

Best results in internal tests were achieved using the UV glue DELO-PHOTOBOND GB 368. Please note that some crystal colours absorb UV light and are thus unsuitable for use with UV glues: Siam, Smoky Quartz, and Jet. In this case using epoxy resin glue is suggested. In internal tests, the best bond was achieved using CG 500 (A+B). As colours and effects not explicitly mentioned may provide variable results, in these cases it is recommended to perform application tests with UV glue or to choose the option of gluing with epoxy resin glue.

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

Setting

Once the glue has been dispensed the Swarovski product can be positioned. Pick up the crystals, for example with a wax stick or tweezers, apply them to the gluing position, and press down gently. For preparing Chatons for the positioning process, a Chaton Sieve can be helpful. Take the black sieve (for size PP 0 – PP 1, art. 9030/003), the gray sieve (for size PP 2 – PP 20, art. 9030/001) or the blue sieve (for size PP 21 – SS 34, art. 9030/002) according to the Chatons’ sizes. As the gray and the blue sieves provide two sides with different cavity sizes, make sure to choose the sieve type and side that perfectly matches the Chatons to be set. Place some crystals onto the sieve. By slightly shaking the tool and wiping over it with glove-covered fingers, the majority of Chatons automatically turn into the suitable position for gluing (table pointing upwards).

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

As a next step the Chatons can easily be picked up from the Chaton Sieve using a tool like the wax stick, tweezers, or a vacuum pick-up system. The use of a silicone wax stick is not recommended as this can impair the adhesion and the brilliance of the crystals. Apply the crystals to the gluing position and press down gently. When working with cavities with large gluing gaps, the following tools assist in ensuring the optimum positioning:

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

Post Cleaning

Excess glue that escapes during setting can be carefully removed using a cotton wipe that has been soaked in a solvent, e.g. isopropyl alcohol. It must be removed while the glue is hardening, as dried glue cannot be fully removed. Remember to follow the glue manufacturer’s instructions, as well as considering the resistance of the base material.

Curing

The curing time of the glue depends mainly on the temperature, or on the humidity in the case of silicone glues. Please note the glue manufacturer’s instructions. To minimize shrinking and tension during hardening, we recommend a maximum curing temperature of 50 °C (122 °F), with the exception of two-component epoxy resin glues CG 500 (A+B) and CG 610 (A+B). Both adhesives can be cured at a maximum temperature of 100 °C (212 °F), without any changes to its properties.

Product Specific Application Instructions

Applying using UV-Transparent Materials

When using UV glue, at least one part of the materials must be translucent for UV light. On a metal surface for example, only crystals without foiling can be applied. Similarly, foiled crystals can only be glued to UV-transparent materials. Please note that some crystal and glass colours as well as UV-stabilized plastics absorb UV light and are thus unsuitable for UV glues.

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

Applying Synthetics on Solid Surfaces (using External Glue)

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

Applying Self-Adhesive Elements

how to glue swarovski stones and crystals

Applying on Silver Jewellery

Without protection, silver jewellery can turn yellow or black with time due to chemical reactions. To slow or stop these reactions the surface of silver jewellery is often covered with a temporary (wax-based) or permanent protective coat (varnish-based). Tarnishing on the surface of the metal often results in a decline in the surface tension under the recommended 38 mN/m.

how to glue swarovski stones and crystals

A self-adhesive film can protect against dirt during the application process and aid in positioning.

how to glue swarovski stones and crystals

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

Note – Highly viscous glues are best suited for end-to-end cavities, as they do not spread through the cracks at the front.

Cutting and Gluing Crystal Mesh

The transparent film should not be removed before gluing. The film allows the individual crystals to be aligned perfectly, and provides Crystal Mesh with the stability necessary for flawless application.

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

When gluing flexible Crystal Mesh products, do not remove the transparent film until the glue has cured to ensure the proper alignment of the mesh.

When gluing flexible Crystal Mesh products, do not remove the transparent film until the glue has cured to ensure the proper alignment of the mesh.

How to glue Swarovski Crystals and Stones

News & Updates

Sign up to get the latest on sales, new releases and more …

Swarovski Crystals Size Guide & Visual Representation

Print Friendly and PDF

We have two Swarovski Crystal Size Guides to help you choose the right size for your Swarovski Beads and Crystals. This one includes a visual representation of the crystal size, the other found here includes measurements in mm and inches.

Swarovski beads and crystals size chart

 

Bluestreak Crystals Newsletter Sign Up